Cambridge First Cert in Eng1 for Updated Exam Upp Int Self Study Pack Sample Pages

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  Cambridge University Press978-0-521-71451-8 – Cambridge First Certificate in English 1 for Updated ExamCambridge ESOLExcerptMore information© in this web service Cambridge University PAPER 1 READING (1 hour) Part 1 You are going to read a newspaper article about a musical family. For questions 1–8 , choose theanswer ( A , B , C or D ) which you think fits best according to the text.Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet . Meet the Amazing Watkins Family The sons are composers and prize-winning musicians, while Dad makes the instruments. Matthew Rye  reports. Test 1 8 Whole families of musicians are not exactlyrare. However, it is unusual to come across onethat includes not only writers and performersof music, but also an instrument maker.When South Wales schoolteachers JohnandHetty Watkins needed to get their ten-year-old son, Paul, a cello to suit his blossomingtalents, they baulked at the costs involved. ‘Wehad a look at various dealers and it was obviousit was going to be very expensive,’ John says.‘So I wondered if I could actually make one. Idiscovered that the Welsh School of InstrumentMaking was not far from where I lived, and Iwent along for evening classes once a week forabout three years.’‘After probably three or four goes withviolins and violas, he had a crack at his firstcello,’ Paul, now 28, adds. ‘It turned out reallywell. He made me another one a bit later, whenhe’d got the hang of it. And that’s the one I usedright up until a few months ago.’ John has sinceretired as a teacher to work as a full-timecraftsman, and makes up to a dozen violins ayear – selling one to the esteemed Americanplayer Jaime Laredo was ‘the icing on the cake’. Both Paul and his younger brother, Huw,were encouraged to play music from an earlyage. The piano came first: ‘As soon as I was bigenough to climb up and bang the keys, that’swhat I did,’ Paul remembers. But it wasn’t longbefore the cello beckoned. ‘My folks werereally quite keen for me to take up the violin,because Dad, who played the viola, used toplay chamber music with his mates and theyneeded another violin to make up a string trio.I learned it for about six weeks but didn’t taketo it. But I really took to the character whoplayed the cello in Dad’s group. I thought hewas a very cool guy when I was six or seven. Sohe said he’d give me some lessons, and thatreally started it all off. Later, they suggestedthat my brother play the violin too, but hewould have none of it.’ ‘My parents were both supportive andrelaxed,’ Huw says. ‘I don’t think I would haveresponded very well to being pushed. And,rather than feeling threatened by Paul’ssuccess, I found that I had something to aspireto.’ Now 22, he is beginning to make his ownmark as a pianist and composer.Meanwhile, John Watkins’ cello has done hiselder son proud. With it, Paul won the stringfinal of the  BBC Young Musician of the Year  competition. Then, at the remarkably youthfulage of 20, he was appointed principal cellist ofthe BBC Symphony Orchestra, a position heheld, still playing his father’s instrument, untillast year. Now, however, he has acquired aFrancesco Rugeri cello, on loan from the RoyalAcademy of Music. ‘Dad’s not said anythingabout me moving on, though recently he hadthe chance to run a bow across the strings ofeach in turn and had to admit that my new oneis quite nice! I think the only thing Dad’s doesn’thave – and may acquire after about 50–100years – is the power to project right to the backof large concert halls. It will get richer with age,like my Rugeri, which is already 304 years old.’ Soon he will be seen on television playing theRugeri as the soloist in Elgar’s Cello Concerto,whichformstheheartofthesecondprogrammein the new series,  Masterworks . ‘The well-knownperformancehistorydoesn’taffectthewayIplaythe work,’ he says. ‘I’m always going to do it myway.’ But Paul won’t be able to watch himself ontelevision – the same night he is playing at theCheltenhamFestival.NorwillHuw,whoseStringQuartet is receiving its London premiere at theWigmore Hall the same evening. John and Hettywill have to be diplomatic – and energetic – ifthey are to keep track of all their sons’ musicalactivities over the coming weeks. line 17   Cambridge University Press978-0-521-71451-8 – Cambridge First Certificate in English 1 for Updated ExamCambridge ESOLExcerptMore information© in this web service Cambridge University 1 Why did John Watkins decide to make a cello? A He wanted to encourage his son Paul to take up the instrument. B He was keen to do a course at the nearby school. C He felt that dealers were giving him false information. D He wanted to avoid having to pay for one. 2 What is meant by ‘crack’ in line 17? A attempt B plan C shock D period 3 What do we learn in the third paragraph about the instruments John has made? A He considers the one used by Jaime Laredo to be the best. B He is particularly pleased about what happened to one of them. C His violins have turned out to be better than his cellos. D It took him longer to learn how to make cellos than violins. 4 Paul first became interested in playing the cello because A he admired someone his father played music with. B he wanted to play in his father’s group. C he was not very good at playing the piano. D he did not want to do what his parents wanted. 5 What do we learn about Huw’s musical development? A His parents’ attitude has played little part in it. B It was slow because he lacked determination. C His brother’s achievements gave him an aim. D He wanted it to be different from his brother’s. 6 What does Paul say about the Rugeri cello? A His father’s reaction to it worried him. B The cello his father made may become as good as it. C It has qualities that he had not expected. D He was not keen to tell his father that he was using it. 7 What does Paul say about his performance of Elgar’s Cello Concerto? A It is less traditional than other performances he has given. B Some viewers are likely to have a low opinion of it. C He considers it to be one of his best performances. D It is typical of his approach to everything he plays. 8 What will require some effort from John and Hetty Watkins? A preventing their sons from taking on too much work B being aware of everything their sons are involved in C reminding their sons what they have arranged to do D advising their sons on what they should do next Paper 1 Reading  9  Cambridge University Press978-0-521-71451-8 – Cambridge First Certificate in English 1 for Updated ExamCambridge ESOLExcerptMore information© in this web service Cambridge University Part 2 You are going to read an article about a bird called the kingfisher. Seven sentences have beenremoved from the article. Choose from the sentences A–H the one which fits each gap ( 9–15 ).There is one extra sentence which you do not need to use.Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet .  The kingfisher  Wildlife photographer Charlie James is an expert on the kingfisher: a beautiful blue-green bird that lives near streams and rivers, feeding on fish. Test 1 10 Old trees overhang the stream, half shadingshallow water. Soft greens, mud browns andthe many different yellows of sunlight are themain colours, as soft as the sounds of water inthe breeze. The bird cuts like a laser throughthe scene, straight and fast, a slice of light andmotion so striking you almost feel it. It hasgone in a split second, but a trace of the imagelingers, its power out of proportion to its size. Charlie James fell in love with kingfishers at anearly age. After all, it is the stuff of legend. Greek myth makes the kingfisher amoon goddess who turned into a bird. Anothertale tells how the kingfisher flew so high that itsupper body took on the blue of the sky, whileits underparts were scorched by the sun. For despite the many differentblues that appear in their coats, kingfishershave no blue pigment at all in their feathers.Rather, the structure of their upper feathersscatters light and strongly reflects blue.It’s small wonder that somewildlife photographers get so enthusiasticabout them. Couple the colours with the factthat kingfishers, though shy of direct humanapproach, can be easy to watch from a hideout,and you have a recipe for a lifelong passion. CharlieJames’sfirsthideoutwasanoldblanketwhichheputoverhisheadwhilehewaitedneara kingfisher’sfavouritespot.Butittookanotherfouryears,hereckons,beforehegothisfirstdecentpicture.Inthemeantime,theEuropeankingfisherhadbeguntodominatehislife.Hespentallthetimehecouldbyakingfisher-richwoodlandstream. The trouble was, school cut the time availableto be with the birds. So he missed lessons,becoming what he describes as an ‘academicfailure’. At16,hewashiredasanadvisorforanaturemagazine.Workasanassistanttotheeditorfollowed,thenagradualmovetolifeasafreelancewildlifefilmcameraman.Whathe’dreallyliketodonowismaketheultimatekingfisherfilm.‘I’mattractedtothesimpleapproach.Iliketophotographpartsofkingfisherwings...’ The sentence trails off to nothing. He’sthinking of those colours of the bird he’s spentmore than half his life getting close to, yetwhich still excites interest. But,asCharlie knows, there’s so much more to hisrelationship with the kingfisher than his workcan ever show. 1514131211109  Cambridge University Press978-0-521-71451-8 – Cambridge First Certificate in English 1 for Updated ExamCambridge ESOLExcerptMore information© in this web service Cambridge University Paper 1 Reading  11  A  This is why a kingfisher may appear tochange from bright blue to rich emeraldgreen with only a slight change in theangle at which light falls on it. B But his interest in this, the world’s mostwidespread kingfisher and the onlymember of its cosmopolitan family tobreed in Europe, was getting noticed. C A sure sign of his depth of feeling for this little bird is his inability to identify just what it is that draws him to it. D The movement sends a highly visiblesignal to rivals, both males and females,asit defends its stretch of water againstneighbours. E The bird came back within minutes and sat only a metre away. F The photographs succeed incommunicating something of his feelings. G ‘No speech, just beautiful images whichsay it all,’ he says. H There is some scientific truth in that story.
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