Census Lecture 1

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  Housing statistics in India - 1) Office of Registrar General of India (ORGI) & Census Commissioner, India   2) National Sample Survey Office. 3) National Buildings organization 4) National Housing Bank (NHB). 5) Apart from these sources, Housing statistics/data is also available from HUDCO, RBI, and other Housing Finance Institutions, Housing related research Institutions etc. The second major source of data is the special rounds of the National sample Survey Office (NSSO)   NSSO takes up rounds every five years on various aspects of housing under surveys on housing conditions. NSSO collects data relating to tenure status, covered area, land possessed, plinth level, type of dwelling, type of structure, no. of floors, monthly rental value ( for urban areas only) and housing conditions, basic civic amenities etc. Specific data collected on all parameters specified above for slum areas. NBO is primarily engaged in collection, collation, analysis and dissemination of housing and construction statistics with a view to have an effective countrywide system for this purpose. In addition, the Organisation coordinates activities relating to the information emanating from various sources, namely, the Registrar General of India, National Sample Survey Organisation and other concerned organisations. The statistics collected and disseminated by NBO is not only used in policy formulations but is also used by the various research organizations in the field of housing. NBO collects data on housing statistics In respect of:  Current housing and construction activity in the urban areas including both public and private sectors. Building Permits and Building Completion certificates from cities/towns having one lakh or above one lakh population. Prices of building materials and wages of building labour. NBO also collects data on Building Construction Cost Index. The Indian Census has a rich tradition and enjoys the reputation of being one of the best in the world. The first Census in India was conducted in the year 1872. This was conducted at different points of time in different parts of the country. In 1881 a Census was taken for the entire country simultaneously. Since then, Census has been conducted every ten years, without a break. Thus, the Census of India 2011 will be the fifteenth in this unbroken series since 1872 and the seventh after independence. It is through the missionary zeal and dedication of Enumerators that the great historical tradition of conducting the Census uninterruptedly has been maintained in spite of several adversities like wars, epidemics, natural calamities, political unrest, etc. Participation in the Census by the people of India is indeed a true reflection of the national spirit of unity in diversity.   The Census of India 2011 was conducted in two phases, namely i) Houselisting and Housing Census and ii) Population Enumeration. The first phase of the Census was conducted in the period April to September, 2010 in different States/Union Territories depending upon local conditions. The field work of the second phase (Population Enumeration) was carried out during February-March, 2011. Premises Premises means building along with the land and/or common places in case of apartments/ flats/multi-storey buildings attached to it. A building may not always have a compound wall or fencing. In such cases, the land or the common place as the case may be, that is available to the household may be treated as 'Premises'. Building A 'building' is generally a single structure on the ground. Usually a structure will have four walls and a roof. Sometimes it is made up of more than one component unit which are used or likely to be used as dwellings (residences) or establishments such as shops, business houses, offices, factories, workshops, work sheds, schools, places of entertainment, places of worship, godowns, stores, etc. It is also possible that buildings which have component units may be used for a combination of purposes such as residence-cum-shop, residence cum- workshop, residence-cum-office, residence-cum-doctor's clinic etc. Census House A 'Census House' is a building or part of a building used or recognized as a separate unit because of having a separate main entrance from the road or common courtyard or staircase etc. It may be occupied or vacant. It may be used for a residential or non-residential purpose or both. If a building has a number of Flats or Blocks/Wings, which are independent of one another having separate entrances of their own from the road or a common staircase or a common courtyard leading to a main gate, these will be considered as separate Census houses. Household A 'household' is usually a group of persons who normally live together and take their meals from a common kitchen unless the exigencies of work prevent any of them from doing so. The persons in a household may be related or unrelated or a mix of both. However, if a group of unrelated persons live in a Census house but do not take their meals from the common kitchen, then they will not collectively constitute a household. Each such person should be treated as a separate household. The important link in finding out whether it is a household or not is a common kitchen. There may be one member households, two member households or multi-member households. You may come across three types of households namely, i)   Normal households, ii) Institutional households and   iii) Houseless households   Houselisting, you are required to cover only the normal and institutional households .    Institutional Household A group of unrelated persons who live in an institution and take their meals from a common kitchen is called an 'Institutional Household'. Examples of Institutional Households are boarding houses, messes, hostels, hotels, rescue homes, observation homes, beggars' homes, jails, ashrams, old age homes, children homes, orphanages, etc. If in a building which is occupied by an Institutional Household, the families of the warden and peon are also living in separate Census houses and cooking for themselves separately, then each family will be treated as a separate household and the houses occupied by them will be treated as separate Census houses. In this situation there will be one building, three Census houses and three households, i.e., one Institutional Household and two Normal Households.  Houseless Household Households which do not live in buildings or Census houses but live in the open or roadside, pavements, in hume pipes, under fly-overs and staircases, or in the open in places of worship, mandaps, railway platforms, etc., are to be treated as Houseless households. Houseless Households are not to be covered in Houselisting phase.   Houselisting Schedule contains a set of 35 items for assessing the quality of houses and living conditions of the households in terms of the type and condition of houses they live in, amenities available to them and the assets they possess. The schedule has in all 35 columns. Columns 1 to 7 : To be filled for all Census houses whether residential or non-residential Columns 8 to 15 : To be filled for wholly or partly residential Census houses (however, columns 14 and 15 need not be filled for institutional households) Columns 16 to 35 : To be filled only in respect of Census houses occupied by the normal households.  Cols. 4, 5 & 6 : Predominant material of the floor, wall and roof of the Census house Col.4 : Floor (Predominant Material of Floor) Mud Wood/Bamboo Burnt Brick Stone Cement Mosaic/floor tiles  Any other Col. 5 : Wall (Predominant Material of Wall)  Grass/ Thatch/ Bamboo etc. Plastic/ Polythene Mud/Unburnt brick Wood Stone not packed with mortar  Stone packed with mortar G.I./ Metal/ Asbestos sheets Burnt brick Concrete  Any other material Col.6: Roof (Predominant Material of Roof) Grass/ Thatch/ Bamboo/ Wood/Mud etc. Plastic/ Polythene Hand made Tiles Machine made Tiles Burnt Brick Stone/ Slate G.I./Metal/ Asbestos sheets Concrete  Any other material Showing Pucca and Kutcha buildings on the Layout Map and showing house numbers on the Buildings/Census houses as well as the Layout Map For the purpose of preparation of layout map, a Pucca building may be treated as one which has its walls and roof made of the following materials : Wall material: Stones (duly packed with lime or cement mortar), G.I/metal/asbestos sheets, Burnt bricks, Cement bricks, Concrete. Roof material: Machine-made tiles, Cement tiles, Burnt bricks, Cement bricks, Stones, Slate, G.I./Metal/Asbestos sheets, Concrete. Buildings, the walls and/or roof of which are predominantly made of materials other than those mentioned above such as unburnt bricks, bamboos, mud, grass, reeds, thatch, plastic/ polythene, loosely packed stone, etc., may be treated as Kutcha buildings. In 2001 Permanent/ Semi-permanent/ temporary was used. In NSSO terms like pucca/semi pucca or kutcha is used. But in 2011 no terms like pucca/ Permanent, semi pucca/ Semi-permanent or kutcha/ temporary is used. Col. 7: Ascertain use of Census house Residence 1 Residence-cum-other use 2 Shop/office 3 School/college etc. 4 Hotel/lodge/guest house etc. 5
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