Crim 2 - Title Viii Compilation of Cases and Special Laws

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  1 PARRICIDEPEOPLE v. JUMAWAN Republic of the Philippines SUPREME COURT Baguio CityFIRST DIVISION G.R. No. 187495 April 1!  14PEOPLE O# T$E P$ILIPPINES!  Plaintiff-Appellee !s EDGAR JUMAWAN!  Accuse#-Appellant D $ C I S I O N%A&ong the #uties assu&e# by the husban# a'e his #uties tolo!e che'ish an# p'otect his (ife to gi!e he' a ho&e to p'o!i#ehe' (ith the co&fo'ts an# the necessities of life (ithin his &eansto t'eat he' )in#ly an# not c'uelly o' inhu&anely *e is boun# tohono' he' + + +, it is his #uty not only to &aintain an# suppo'the' but also to p'otect he' f'o& opp'ession an# ('ong %  RE%ES! J.: *usban#s #o not ha!e p'ope'ty 'ights o!e' thei' (i!es. bo#ies Se+ual inte'cou'se albeit (ithin the 'eal& of &a''iage if notconsensual is 'ape This is the clea' State policy e+p'esslylegislate# in Section /00-A of the Re!ise# Penal Co#e 1RPC2 asa&en#e# by Republic Act 1R A 2 No 3454 o' the Anti-Rape 6a(of 778 The CaseThis is an auto&atic 'e!ie( /  of the Decision 4  #ate# 9uly 7 /::3of the Cou't of Appeals 1CA2 in CA-; R CR-*C No ::454(hich affi'&e# the 9u#g&ent <  #ate# Ap'il  /::/ of the RegionalT'ial Cou't 1RTC2 of Cagayan #e O'o City B'anch 7 in C'i&inalCase Nos 77-003 an# 77-007 con!icting hi& to suffe' thepenalty of 'eclusion pe'petua fo' each count The Facts Accuse#-appellant an# his (ife === 5  (e'e &a''ie# on Octobe' 3 785 They Ii !e# togethe' since then an# 'aise# thei' fou' 1<2chil#'en 0  as they put up se!e'al businesses o!e' the yea's On Feb'ua'y 7 777 === e+ecute# a Co&plaint- Affi#a!it 8  alleging that he' husban# the accuse#-appellant'ape# he' at 4 >:: a & of Dece&be' 4 773 at thei' 'esi#ence inPhase / Villa $'nesto ;usa Cagayan #e O'o City an# that onDece&be' / 773 the accuse#-appellant bo+e# he' shoul#e' fo' 'efusing to ha!e se+ (ith hi& On 9une  777 the Office of the City P'osecuto' of Cagayan#e O'o City issue# a 9oint Resolution 3  fin#ing p'obable causefo' g'a!e th'eats less se'ious physical in?u'ies an# 'ape an#'eco&&en#ing that the app'op'iate c'i&inal info'&ation be file#against the accuse#-appellant On 9uly 0 777 t(o Info'&ations fo' 'ape (e'e file# befo'e theRTC 'especti!ely #oc)ete# as C'i&inal Case No 77-003 7  an#C'i&inal Case No 77-007 :  The Info'&ation in C'i&inal CaseNo 77-003 cha'ge# the accuse#-appellant as follo(s>That on o' about :>4: in the e!ening &o'e o' less of Octobe' 7773 at ;usa Cagayan #e O'o City Philippines an# (ithin the ?u'is#iction of this *ono'able Cou't the abo!e-na&e# accuse#by &eans of fo'ce upon pe'son #i# then an# the'e (ilfullyunla(fully an# feloniously ha!e ca'nal )no(le#ge (ith thep'i!ate co&plainant he' @sic (ife against the latte'@.s (ill Cont'a'y to an# in Violation of R A 3454 the Anti-Rape 6a( of 778 ean(hile the Info'&ation in C'i&inal Case No 77-007 'ea#s>That on o' about :>4: in the e!ening &o'e o' less of Octobe' : 773 at ;usa Cagayan #e O'o City Philippines an# (ithinthe ?u'is#iction of this *ono'able Cou't the abo!e-na&e#accuse# by &eans of fo'ce upon pe'son #i# then an# the'e(ilfully unla(fully an# feloniously ha!e ca'nal )no(le#ge (iththe p'i!ate co&plainant he' @sic (ife against the latte'.s (ill Cont'a'y to an# in Violation of R A 3454 the Anti-Rape 6a( of 778 The accuse#-appellant (as a''este# upon a (a''ant issue# on9uly / 777   On August 3 777 the accuse#-appellant file#a otion fo' Rein!estigation /  (hich (as #enie# by the t'ialcou't in an O'#e'  4  #ate# August 7 777 On e!en #ate theaccuse#-appellant (as a''aigne# an# he ente'e# a plea of notguilty to both cha'ges < On 9anua'y : /::: the p'osecution file# a otion to A#&it A&en#e# Info'&ation 5  a!e''ing that the na&e of the p'i!ateco&plainant (as o&itte# in the o'iginal info'&ations fo' 'ape The &otion also state# that === th'u a Supple&ental Affi#a!it#ate# No!e&be' 5 777 0  atteste# that the t'ue #ates of co&&ission of the c'i&e a'e Octobe' 0 773 an# Octobe'  8773 the'eby &o#ifying the #ates state# in he' p'e!iousco&plaint-affi#a!it The &otion (as g'ante# on 9anua'y 3/::: 8   Acco'#ingly the c'i&inal info'&ations (e'e a&en#e# asfollo(s>C'i&inal Case No 77-003>That on o' about Octobe' 0 773 at ;usa Cagayan #e O'oCity Philippines an# (ithin the ?u'is#iction of this *ono'ableCou't the abo!e-na&e# accuse# by &eans of fo'ce uponpe'son #i# then an# the'e (ilfully unla(fully an# feloniouslyha!e ca'nal )no(le#ge (ith the p'i!ate co&plainant his (ife@=== against the latte'.s (ill Cont'a'y to an# in !iolation of R A 3454 the Anti-Rape 6a( of 778 3 C'i&inal Case No 77-007>That on o' about Octobe' 8 773 at ;usa Cagayan #e O'oCity Philippines an# (ithin the ?u'is#iction of this *ono'ableCou't the abo!e-na&e# accuse# by &eans of fo'ce uponpe'son #i# then an# the'e (ilfully unla(fully an# feloniouslyha!e ca'nal )no(le#ge (ith the p'i!ate co&plainant his (ife@=== against the latte'.s (ill Cont'a'y to an# in !iolation of R A 3454 the Anti-Rape 6a( of 778 7 The accuse#-appellant (as the'eafte' 'e-a''aigne# *e&aintaine# his not guilty plea to both in#ict&ents an# a ?oint t'ialof the t(o cases fo'th(ith ensue#   2 Ve'sion of the p'osecutionThe p'osecution.s theo'y (as ancho'e# on the testi&onies of === an# he' #aughte's  an# ::: (hich togethe' (ithpe'tinent physical e!i#ence #epicte# the follo(ing e!ents>=== &et the accuse#-appellant at the fa'& of he' pa'ents (he'ehis fathe' (as one of the labo'e's They got &a''ie# afte' a yea' of cou'tship /:  hen thei' fi'st chil#  (as bo'n === an#the accuse#-appellant put up a sa'i-sa'i sto'e /  6ate' on theyengage# in se!e'al othe' businesses -t'uc)ing 'ice &ill an#ha'#(a'e === &anage# the businesses e+cept fo' the 'ice &ill(hich i#eally (as un#e' the accuse#-appellant.s supe'!ision(ith the help of a t'uste# e&ployee In 'eality ho(e!e' he&e'ely assiste# in the 'ice &ill business by occasionally #'i!ingone of the t'uc)s to haul goo#s //  Accuse#-appellant.s )eenness to &a)e the businesses flou'ish(as not as fe'!ent as ===.s #e#ication $!en the #aughte'sobse'!e# the #isp'opo'tionate labo's of thei' pa'ents /4  *e (oul##'i!e the t'uc)s so&eti&es but === (as the one (ho acti!ely&anage# the businesses /< She (ante# to p'o!i#e a co&fo'table life fo' thei' chil#'en, he onthe othe' han# #i# not acuiesce (ith that ob?ecti!e /5 In 77< === an# the accuse#-appellant bought a lot an# built ahouse in Villa $'nesto ;usa Cagayan #e O'o City /0  Th'ee of the chil#'en t'ansfe''e# 'esi#ence the'ein (hile === theaccuse#-appellant an# one of thei' sons staye# in DangcaganBu)i#non She shuttle# bet(een the t(o places 'egula'ly an#so&eti&es he acco&panie# he' /8  In 773 === staye# in ;usaCagayan De O'o City &ost of the #ays of the (ee) /3  One#nes#ays she (ent to Dangcagan Bu)i#non to p'ocu'esupplies fo' the fa&ily sto'e an# then 'etu'ne# to Cagayan #eO'o City on the sa&e #ay /7 Con?ugal inti&acy #i# not 'eally cause &a'ital p'oble&s bet(een=== an# the accuse#-appellant It (as in fact both f'euentan# fulfilling *e t'eate# he' (ell an# she of cou'se 'espon#e#(ith eual #eg'ee of enthusias& 4: *o(e!e' in 778 he sta'te#to be b'utal in be# *e (oul# i&&e#iately 'e&o!e he' pantiesan# sans any fo'eplay inse't he' penis in he' !agina *isab'i#ge# &etho# of lo!e&a)ing (as physically painful fo' he' soshe (oul# 'esist his se+ual a&bush but he (oul# th'eaten he' into sub&ission 4 In 773 === an# the accuse#-appellant sta'te# ua''ellingusually upon his co&plaint that she faile# to atten# to hi& She(as p'eoccupie# (ith financial p'oble&s in thei' businesses an#a ban) loan *e (ante# === to stay at ho&e because %a (o&an&ust stay in the house an# only goo# in be# 1sic2 + + + % She#isobeye# his (ishes an# focuse# on he' goal of p'o!i#ing agoo# futu'e fo' the chil#'en 4/ Fou' #ays befo'e the sub?ect 'ape inci#ents o' on Octobe' /773 === an# the accuse#-appellant slept togethe' in CebuCity (he'e the g'a#uation 'ites of thei' el#est #aughte' (e'ehel# By Octobe' < 773 the th'ee of the& (e'e al'ea#y bac)in Cagayan #e O'o City 44 On Octobe' 0 773 the accuse#-appellant his (ife === an#thei' chil#'en (ent about thei' nightly 'outine The fa&ily sto'e inthei' 'esi#ence (as close# at about 7>:: p & befo'e suppe' (asta)en Afte'(a'#s === an# the chil#'en (ent to the gi'ls.be#'oo& at the &eEEanine of the house to p'ay the 'osa'y (hilethe accuse#-appellant (atche# tele!ision in the li!ing'oo& 4<  OOO an#  then p'epa'e# thei' be#s Soon afte' theaccuse#-appellant fetche# === an# bi# he' to co&e (ith hi& tothei' con?ugal be#'oo& in the thi'# floo' of the house ===co&plie# 45 Once in the be#'oo& === change# into a #aste' an# fi+e# the&at'i&onial be# but she #i# not lie the'eon (ith the accuse#-appellant an# instea# 'este# sepa'ately in a cot nea' the be# *e' 'eclusi!e beha!io' p'o&pte# hi& to as) ang'ily> %@hy a'eyou lying on the cot@G% an# to instantaneously o'#e'> %Hout'ansfe' he'e @to ou' be# % 40 === insiste# to stay on the cot an# e+plaine# that she ha#hea#ache an# ab#o&inal pain #ue to he' fo'thco&ing&enst'uation *e' 'easons #i# not appease hi& an# he gotang'ie' *e 'ose f'o& the be# lifte# the cot an# th'e( it againstthe (all causing === to fall on the floo' Te''ifie# === stoo# upf'o& (he'e she fell too) he' pillo( an# t'ansfe''e# to the be# 48 The accuse#-appellant then lay besi#e === an# not befo'e longe+p'esse# his #esi'e to copulate (ith he' by tapping his finge'son he' lap She politely #ecline# by (a'#ing off his han# an#'eite'ating that she (as not feeling (ell 43 The accuse#-appellant again asse'te# his se+ual yea'ning an#(hen === t'ie# to 'esist by hol#ing on to he' panties he pulle#the& #o(n so fo'cefully they to'e on the si#es 47  === staye##efiant by 'efusing to ben# he' legs <: The accuse#-appellant then 'aise# ===.s #aste'  <  st'etche# he' legs apa't an# 'este# his o(n legs on the& She t'ie# to ('estlehi& a(ay but he hel# he' han#s an# succee#e# in penet'atinghe' As he (as ca''ying out his ca'nal #esi'es === continue# top'otest by #espe'ately shouting> %@Don .t #o that to &e becauseI.& not feeling (ell % </ ith a conc'ete (all on one si#e an# a &e'e (oo#en pa'tition onthe othe' enclosing the spouses. be#'oo& <4 ===.s pleas (e'eau#ible in the chil#'en.s be#'oo& (he'e  lay a(a)e pon hea'ing he' &othe' c'ying an# hyste'ically shouting>%$##ie #on.t #o that to &e ha!e pity on &e% <<   (o)e up::: (ho p'o##e# he' to go to thei' pa'ents. 'oo& <5  hu''ie#ly cli&be# upstai's !igo'ously )noc)e# on the #oo' of he' pa'ents. be#'oo& an# inui'e#> %Pa (hy is it that a&a isc'yingG% <0  The accuse#-appellant then uic)ly put on his b'iefsan# shi't pa'tly opene# the #oo' an# sai#> %@Don .t inte'fe'ebecause this is a fa&ily t'ouble% befo'e closing it again <8  Sinceshe hea'# he' &othe' continue to c'y  igno'e# his fathe'.sa#&onition )noc)e# at the be#'oo& #oo' again an# then )ic)e#it <3   A fu'ious accuse#-appellant opene# the #oo' (i#e' an#'ebu)e#  once &o'e> %Don.t inte'fe'e us ;o #o(nstai'sbecause this is fa&ily t'oubleJ% pon seeing === c'ouching an#c'ying on top of the be#  bol#ly ente'e# the 'oo&app'oache# he' &othe' an# as)e#> %a (hy a'e you c'yingG%befo'e as)ing he' fathe'> %Pa (hat happene# to a&a (hy is itthat he' un#e'(ea' is to'n@G% <7 hen  'ecei!e# no #efinite ans(e's to he' uestions shehelpe# he' &othe' get up in o'#e' to b'ing he' to the gi'ls.be#'oo& === then pic)e# up he' to& un#e'(ea' an# co!e'e#he'self (ith a blan)et 5:  *o(e!e' thei' b'ea)out f'o& the 'oo&(as not easy To p'e!ent === f'o& lea!ing the accuse#-appellant bloc)e# the #oo'(ay by e+ten#ing his a'& to(a'#s the)nob *e co&&an#e# === to %@Stay he'e you sleep in ou' 'oo&% (hen the t'e&bling === plea#e#> %$##ie allo( &e to goout % *e then hel# ===.s han#s but she pulle# the& bac) Dete'&ine# to get a(ay  leane# against #oo' an#e&b'ace# he' &othe' tightly as they pushe# thei' (ay out 5  3 In thei' be#'oo& the gi'ls ga!e thei' &othe' so&e (ate' an#ue'ie# he' as to (hat happene# 5/  === 'elaye#> %@Hou' fathe' is an ani&al a beast, he fo'ce# &e to ha!e se+ (ith hi& (henI.& not feeling (ell % The gi'ls then loc)e# the #oo' an# let he' 'est % 54 The accuse#-appellant.s agg'ession 'ecu''e# the follo(ing night  Afte' closing the fa&ily sto'e on Octobe' 8 773 === an# thechil#'en too) thei' suppe' The accuse#-appellant #i# not ?ointhe& since acco'#ing to hi& he al'ea#y ate #inne' else(he'e  Afte' 'esting fo' a sho't (hile === an# the chil#'en p'ocee#e#to the gi'ls. be#'oo& an# p'aye# the 'osa'y === #eci#e# tospen# the night in the 'oo&.s s&all be# an# the gi'ls (e'eal'ea#y fi+ing the be##ings (hen the accuse#-appellant ente'e# %hy a'e you sleeping in the 'oo& of ou' chil#'en% he as)e#=== (ho 'espon#e# that she p'efe''e# to sleep (ith thechil#'en 5<  *e then scoffe#> %Its al'ight if you (ill not go (ith &eany(ay the'e a'e (o&en that coul# be pai# @P ::: :: % She#is&isse# his co&&ent by tu'ning he' hea# a(ay afte' 'eto'ting>%So be it % Afte' that he left the 'oo& 55 *e 'etu'ne# 5 &inutes late'  50  an# (hen === still 'efuse# to go(ith hi& he beca&e infu'iate# *e lifte# he' f'o& the be# an#atte&pte# to ca''y he' out of the 'oo& as he e+clai&e#> %hy(ill you sleep he'e@G 6ets go to ou' be#'oo& % hen she #efie#hi& he g'abbe# he' sho't pants causing the& to tea' apa't 58   Atthis point  inte'fe'e# %Pa #on.t #o that to a&a because(e a'e in f'ont of you % 53 The p'esence of his chil#'en appa'ently #i# not pacify theaccuse#-appellant (ho yelle# %@$!en in f'ont of you I can ha!ese+ of you' &othe' @sic 9 because I.& the hea# of the fa&ily % *ethen o'#e'e# his #aughte's to lea!e the 'oo& F'ightene# thegi'ls oblige# an# (ent to the stai'case (he'e they subseuentlyhea'# the pleas of thei' helpless &othe' 'esonate (ith thec'ea)ing be# 57 The episo#es in the be#'oo& (e'e no less #istu'bing Theaccuse#-appellant fo'cibly pulle# ===.s sho't pants an# panties *e pai# no hee# as she begge# %@Don .t #o that to &e &y bo#yis still aching an# also &y ab#o&en an# I cannot #o (hat you(ante# &e to #o @sic I cannot (ithstan# se+ % 0:  Afte' 'e&o!ing his o(n sho't pants an# b'iefs he fle+e# he' legs hel# he' han#s &ounte# he' an# fo'ce# hi&self insi#e he' Once g'atifie# the accuse#-appellant put on his sho't pants an#b'iefs stoo# up an# (ent out of the 'oo& laughing as heconceite#ly utte'e#> %@It s nice that is (hat you #ese'!e becauseyou a'e @a fli't o' fon# of se+ % *e then 'et'eate# to the &aste's.be#'oo& 0 Sensing that the co&&otion in thei' be#'oo& has cease# an# OOO scu''ie# upstai's but foun# the #oo' loc)e# pulle# out a ?alousie (in#o( inse'te# he' a'& 'eache# fo' the#oo')nob insi#e an# #isengage# its loc) pon ente'ing the'oo&  an# OOO foun# thei' &othe' c'ouche# on the be#(ith he' hai' #ishe!ele# The gi'ls as)e#> %a (hat happene# toyou (hy a'e you c'yingG% === 'eplie#> %@HKou' fathe' is a beastan# ani&al he again fo'ce# &e to ha!e se+ (ith hi& e!en if I#on.t feel (ell % 0/ Ve'sion of the #efenseThe #efense spun a #iffe'ent tale The accuse#-appellant.s fathe' o(ne# a lan# a#?acent to that of ===.s fathe' *e ca&e to )no(=== because she b'ought foo# fo' he' fathe'.s labo'e's henthey got &a''ie# on Octobe' 3 785 he (as a high schoolg'a#uate (hile she (as an ele&enta'y g'a#uate Thei' hu&ble e#ucational bac)g'oun# #i# not #ete' the& f'o&pu'suing a co&fo'table life Th'ough thei' ?oint ha'# (o') an#effo'ts the couple g'a#ually acui'e# pe'sonal p'ope'ties an#establishe# thei' o(n businesses that inclu#e# a 'ice &ill&anage# by the accuse#-appellant *e also #'o!e thei' t'uc)sthat haule# coffee cop'a o' co& 04 The accuse#-appellant #enie# 'aping his (ife on Octobe' 0 an#8 773 *e clai&e# that on those #ates he (as in DangcaganBu)i#non peeling co& On Octobe' 8 his t'uc) &et an acci#entso&e(he'e in Angeles Ranch alu)o anolo Fo'tichBu)i#non *e left the t'uc) by the 'oa#si#e because he ha# toatten# .s g'a#uation in Cebu on Octobe' / (ith === hen they 'etu'ne# to Bu)i#non on Octobe' < he as)e# ===an#  to p'ocee# to Cagayan #e O'o City an# ?ust lea!e hi&behin# so he can ta)e ca'e of the t'uc) an# buy so&e co& 0< Ryle $uia 1$uia2 the spouses. #'i!e' f'o& 9anua'y 770 until9une 777 co''obo'ate# the abo!e clai&s Acco'#ing to hi& onOctobe' 0 773 the accuse#-appellant (as (ithin the !icinityof the 'ice &ill.s loa#ing a'ea in Dangcagan Bu)i#non cleaninga pic)-up t'uc) On Octobe' 8 773 he an# the accuse#-appellant (e'e in Dangcagan Bu)i#non loa#ing sac)s of co&into the t'uc) They finishe# loa#ing at 4 >:: p & The accuse#-appellant then inst'ucte# $uia to p'ocee# to alu)o anoloFo'tich Bu)i#non (hile the fo'&e' atten#e# a fiesta in Ne(Cebu =ianggat Dangcagan Bu)i#non At a'oun# <>:: p & $uia togethe' (ith a helpe' an# a &echanic left fo' alu)o ino'#e' to to( the stalle# t'uc) left the'e by the accuse#-appellantin Octobe' 8 an# the'eafte' b'ing it to Cagayan #e O'o Citytogethe' (ith the sepa'ate t'uc) loa#e# (ith co& They a''i!e# in alu)o at 8>:: p & an# it too) the& th'ee hou'sto tu'n the t'uc) a'oun# an# hoist it to the to(ing ba' of the othe' t'uc) At a'oun# :>:: p &  the accuse#-appellant a''i!e# inalu)o The fou' of the& then p'ocee#e# to Cagayan #e O'oCity (he'e they a''i!e# at 4 >:: a & of Octobe' 3 773 Theaccuse#-appellant (ent to ;usa (hile the othe' th'ee &enb'ought the #a&age# t'uc) to Cug&an 05 The accuse#-appellant asse'te# that === &e'ely fab'icate# the'ape cha'ges as he' 'e!enge because he too) o!e' the cont'olan# &anage&ent of thei' businesses as (ell as the possessionof thei' pic)-up t'uc) in 9anua'y 777 The accuse#-appellant(as p'o!o)e# to #o so (hen she faile# to account fo' thei' ban)#eposits an# business ea'nings The ent'ies in thei' ban)account sho(e# the balance of P47:547 34 on Octobe' 4770 but afte' only a &onth o' on No!e&be' 4: 770 thea&ount #(in#le# to a &easly P737< 33 00  *e' failu'e toi&&e#iately 'epo't to the police also belies he' 'apeallegations 08 === (ante# to co!e'-up he' e+t'a-&a'ital affai's (hich theaccuse#-appellant g'a#ually #etecte# f'o& he' o## beha!io' hile in Cebu on Octobe' / 773 fo' .s g'a#uation 'itesthe accuse#-appellant an# === ha# se+ual inte'cou'se *e (assu'p'ise# (hen his (ife as)e# hi& to get a nap)in to (ipe he' afte' ha!ing se+ *e tagge# he' 'euest as %high-tech% becausethey #i# not #o the sa&e (hen they ha# se+ in the past ===ha# also beco&e inc'easingly in#iffe'ent to hi& hen he a''i!esho&e it (as an e&ployee not he' (ho opene# the #oo' an#(elco&e# hi& She p'ettie# he'self an# (oul# no longe' as) fo' his pe'&ission (hene!e' she (ent out 03  4 Bebs 07  ===.s cousin an# a cashie' in thei' Bu)i#non sto'e ga!ethe accuse#-appellant se!e'al lo!e lette's pu'po'te#ly a##'esse#to Bebs but (e'e actually inten#e# fo' === 8: === ha# &o'e than ten pa'a&ou's so&e of (ho& the accuse#-appellant ca&e to )no( as> A'senio 9ong-9ong 9oy o' 9oeyso&ebo#y f'o& the &ilita'y o' the Philippine National Policeanothe' one is a go!e'n&ent e&ployee a ce'tain Fe'nan#eE an#th'ee othe' p'iests 8  Se!e'al pe'sons tol# hi& about thepa'a&ou's of his (ife but he ne!e' conf'onte# he' o' the& aboutit because he t'uste# he'  8/ hat fu'the' confi'&e# his suspicions (as the state&ent &a#eby OOO on No!e&be' / 773 At that ti&e OOO (as listeninglou#ly to a cassette playe' Since he (ante# to (atch a tele!isionp'og'a& he as)e# OOO to tu& #o(n the !olu&e of the cassetteplaye' She got annoye# unplugge# the playe' spinne# a'oun#an# hit the accuse#-appellant.s hea# (ith the soc)et *is hea#ble# An alte'cation bet(een the accuse#-appellant an# ===the'eafte' follo(e# because the latte' too) OOO.s si#e Du'ingthe a'gu&ent OOO blu'te# out that === (as bette' off (ithoutthe accuse#-appellant because she ha# so&ebo#y younghan#so&e an# a business&an unli)e the accuse#-appellant(ho s&elle# ba# an# (as ol# an# ugly 84 === also (ante# thei' p'ope'ty #i!i#e# bet(een the& (ith th'ee-fou'ths the'eof going to he' an# one-fou'th to the accuse#-appellant *o(e!e' the sepa'ation #i# not push th'oughbecause the accuse#-appellant.s pa'entsinte'!ene# 8<  The'eafte' === pu'sue# legal sepa'ation f'o& theaccuse#-appellant by initiating Ba'angay Case No ::533-77befo'e the Office of 6upong Tagapa&ayapa of ;usa Cagayan#e O'o City an# the'eafte' obtaining a Ce'tificate to File Action#ate# Feb'ua'y 3 777 85 Ruling of the RTCIn its 9u#g&ent 80  #ate# Ap'il  /::/ the RTC sustaine# the!e'sion p'offe'e# by the p'osecution by gi!ing g'eate' (eight an#c'e#ence to the spontaneous an# st'aightfo'(a'# testi&onies of the p'osecution.s (itnesses The t'ial cou't also uphel# assince'e an# genuine the t(o #aughte's. testi&onies as it is notnatu'al in ou' cultu'e fo' #aughte's to testify against thei' o(nfathe' fo' a c'i&e such as 'ape if the sa&e (as not t'ulyco&&itte# The t'ial cou't 'e?ecte# the !e'sion of the #efense an# foun#unbelie!able the accuse#-appellant.s accusations of e+t'a-&a'ital affai's an# &oney suan#e'ing against === The t'ialcou't shel!e# the accuse#-appellant.s alibi fo' being p'e&ise# oninconsistent testi&onies an# the cont'a#icting #ecla'ations of theothe' #efense (itness $uia as to the accuse#-appellant.sactual (he'eabouts on Octobe' 0 773 Acco'#ingly the RTC'uling #ispose# as follo(s>*$R$FOR$ the Cou't he'eby fin#s accuse# $#ga' 9u&a(an%;I6TH% beyon# 'easonable #oubt of the t(o 1/2 sepa'atecha'ges of 'ape an# he'eby sentences hi& to suffe' the penaltyof 'eclusion pe'petua fo' each to pay co&plainant @P5:::: ::in each case as &o'al #a&ages in#e&nify co&plainant the su&of 1P85::: :: in each case @P5:::: :: as e+e&pla'y#a&ages an# to pay the costs SO ORD$R$D 88 Ruling of the CAIn its Decision 83  #ate# 9uly 7 /::3 the CA affi'&e# in toto theRTC 'uling The CA hel# that Section < Rule : of the Rulesof C'i&inal P'oce#u'e sanctione# the a&en#&ent of the o'iginalinfo'&ations Fu'the' the accuse#-appellant (as not p'e?u#ice#by the a&en#&ent because he (as 'e-a''aigne# (ith 'espect tothe a&en#e# info'&ations The CA foun# that the p'osecution th'ough the st'aightfo'(a'#testi&ony of the !icti& he'self an# the co''obo'ati!e #ecla'ationsof  an# OOO (as able to establish beyon# 'easonable#oubt all the ele&ents of 'ape un#e' R A No 3454 Theaccuse#-appellant ha# ca'nal )no(le#ge of === by using fo'cean# inti&i#ation The CA also 'ule# that ===.s failu'e to sub&it he'self to &e#icale+a&ination #i# not negate the co&&ission of the c'i&ebecause a &e#ical ce'tificate is not necessa'y to p'o!e 'ape The CA 'e?ecte# the accuse#-appellant.s a'gu&ent that since hean# === a'e husban# an# (ife (ith &utual obligations of an#'ight to se+ual inte'cou'se the'e &ust be con!incing physicale!i#ence o' &anifestations of the allege# fo'ce an# inti&i#ationuse# upon === such as b'uises The CA e+plaine# that physicalsho(ing of e+te'nal in?u'es is not in#ispensable to p'osecute an#con!ict a pe'son fo' 'ape, (hat is necessa'y is that the !icti&(as fo'ce# to ha!e se+ual inte'cou'se (ith the accuse# In a##ition the CA note# that the fact that === an# the accuse#-appellant a'e spouses only 'einfo'ces the t'uthfulness of ===.saccusations because no (ife in he' 'ight &in# (oul# accuse he' husban# of ha!ing 'ape# he' if it (e'e not t'ue The #elay in the filing of the 'ape co&plaint (as sufficientlye+plaine# by === (hen she state# that she only foun# out that a(ife &ay cha'ge his husban# (ith 'ape (hen the fiscalin!estigating he' sepa'ate co&plaint fo' g'a!e th'eats an#physical in?u'ies tol# he' about it Finally the CA #is&isse# the accuse#-appellant.s alibi fo' lac) of con!incing e!i#ence that it (as physically i&possible fo' hi& tobe at his 'esi#ence in Cagayan #e O'o City at the ti&e of theco&&ission of the c'i&es consi#e'ing that DangcaganBu)i#non the place (he'e he allege#ly (as is only about fou' o' fi!e hou's a(ay Acco'#ingly the #ec'etal po'tion of the#ecision 'ea#>*$R$FOR$ in the light of the fo'egoing the appeale#9u#g&ent is he'eby AFFIR$D SO ORD$R$D 87 *ence the p'esent 'e!ie( In the Cou't Resolution 3:  #ate# 9uly0 /::7 the Cou't notifie# the pa'ties that if they so #esi'e they&ay file thei' 'especti!e supple&ental b'iefs In a anifestationan# otion 3  #ate# Septe&be' < /::7 the appellee th'ough theOffice of the Solicito' ;ene'al e+p'esse# that it inten#s to a#optits B'ief befo'e the CA On Ap'il 0 /:/ the accuse#-appellantth'ough counsel file# his Supple&ental B'ief a'guing that he(as not in Cagayan #e O'o City (hen the allege# 'ape inci#entstoo) place an# the p'esence of fo'ce th'eat o' inti&i#ation isnegate# by> 1a2 ===.s !olunta'y act of going (ith hi& to thecon?ugal be#'oo& on Octobe' 0 773, 1b2 ===.s failu'e to putup 'esistance o' see) help f'o& police autho'ities, an# 1 c2 theabsence of a &e#ical ce'tificate an# of bloo# t'aces in ===.spanties 3/ Ou' Ruling
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