ii philosopy of education

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Martinie 1 Serenity Martinie EDU 203 Rieger 12/5/17 Philosophy of Special Education Part Two Introduction Through this paper, I aim to articulate my philosophy on special education. I will also thoroughly delve into one specific aspect of student exceptionalities, and how I plan to adapt my education accordingly. Lastly, I will strive to elaborate on the kno
   Martinie 1 Serenity Martinie EDU 203 Rieger 12/5/17 Philosophy of Special Education Part Two Introduction Through this paper, I aim to articulate my philosophy on special education. I will also thoroughly delve into one specific aspect of student exceptionalities, and how I plan to adapt my education accordingly. Lastly, I will strive to elaborate on the knowledge I have aquired from this class, and how I will apply it to the education that I produce. Theoretical Framework   Every student with a disability is entitled to the support necessary to maximize his or her  potential. I believe that they should be placed in the least restrictive environment, in order to gain necessary life skills, and learn how to relate and communicate with people. The ability to interact with people from different walks of life is imperative to the academic growth and success of any student. My educational philosophy consists of a constructivist's view and starts with construction of knowledge, building my lesson upon students interests, prior experiences, and current understandings. In my teaching I would heavily focus on using axiology especially aesthetics, and reasoning because quality always comes before quantity. My goal would be to give my students knowledge that they will be able to utilize consistently, but also do it creatively and artistically. I tend to lean towards existentialism as my philosophical orientation of teaching,  because I want to focus on letting my students have an individual way of thinking and giving   Martinie 2 them freedom in education. This philosophy pertains to both special and general education students because I want both parties to be fully lettered in the information and skills that they will need to be prosperous in life. I think the biggest thing I learned was that people greatly underestimate these children. Due to their limited communication, they tend to go unnoticed. The educators really have to create a new teaching style and language for each individual student. I also realized just how many different behaviors and disabilities could be encompassed in one diagnosis, and the amount of work that goes into every IEP and curriculum. I have a much deeper understanding of special education, and the processes that make the big picture come together. Practice  The Education for All Handicapped Children Act in 1975 mandated that public schools  provide children with special needs the same opportunities for education as other children. Then in 1990, The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, or IDEA, was created as a modification of the Education for All Handicapped Children Act. It furthers the mandate that special needs students must receive appropriate, free public education in the least restrictive environment  possible. In 2001, the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (No Child Left Behind Act) made schools accountable for the academic performance of all students, regardless of their disabilities. IEP’s also ensure that special education students receives a specific education that is catered to their individual needs. If I was going into special education I think that I would want to work with individuals with hearing impairments. I really enjoyed learning sign language, and I like that the culture is  based off of very expressive emotion. I believe that the most important characteristic to know is   Martinie 3 that intellectual development for people with a hearing impairment is more a function of language development than cognitive ability. Another important characteristic to know about students with hearing impairments is that the severity varies drastically between each student. In addition, there are several types such as conductive, sensorineural, mixed, and central hearing loss. This is important because it may dictate the level of hearing that a child has. Their social development relies heavily on their ability to communicate, while cognitively they go through the same developmental processes as their hearing peers. The overall lack of communication can act as a huge detriment to their progression. Some classroom suggestions to know, would be to stand still when teaching, avoid talking with your face turned away, and to keep the light on your face. An important figure in this field would be Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet, he actually established the very first school for the hearing impaired in 1817. The institution was called the Connecticut Asylum for the Education and Instruction of Deaf and Dumb Persons. Later the name was changed to the American School for the Deaf. I believe he was one of the most important figures in the disability field, because he started the ball rolling and provided a basis for the hearing impaired to get an education. Evidence-based Practices and Strategies I would like to focus my studies on art education with an emphasis on communication. Communication is one of the biggest challenges for students with hearing impairments. Art could be a really good outlet for someone to express the large scale ideas that they may not be able to express through sign language. There will also be potential for a heighten in touch and sight senses. Furthermore, I feel as though I would be able to make the biggest impact on these   Martinie 4 students as an art educator. I would use a lot of one-on-one instruction time with very elaborate art pieces that included mixed mediums, and textures. Most of these assignments based around identity and hone in on the shared ideas that are presented within the art. I would use this as an opportunity to both learn and teach. This would allow me to look at their artwork, and see more of who they are, and hopefully they could draw the same from any artwork that I created. Once a relationship and form of communication was built between the student and myself, I would introduce more peer relations, between both hearing and hearing impaired students. Another art form that I hope I could utilize would be theater. There are tons of improv games, and situations that could literally be played through to help students practice life skills and communication. Progress would be monitored by seeing how in touch they are with their peers emotions, and how fluently we begin to communicate. There would also be standard tests on the mediums we used, types of artwork, and the strategy of which we applied these mediums. Benchmarks would be made based off of an initial assessment to gauge where their art, and communication skills are. Then, I would gradually increase from identifying emotions on faces and through art, to being able to sense subtle body language and small details within the art. Lastly, I will also utilize the state standards for art education. Human Diversity It is important to recognize the diversity of humans because we all require a different standard of education, communication, life, etc. to perform to the best of our ability. We need to recognize diversity so that we indulge in the exceptionalities that make us who we are, and learn how to utilize them to make a difference. Humans cannot thrive in such an entwined world if we do not know anything about each other, and if we assume that every individual functions alike.
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