Thesis Formatted for Grad Dept 5_4

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Infant mortality paper
  DETERMINANTS OF THE INFANT MORTALITY RATE IN THE UNITED STATES John Ross Costa   B.A., California State University, Sacramento, 2009   THESIS   Submitted in partial satisfaction of    the requirements for the degree of    MASTER OF ARTS   in   ECONOMICS   at CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, SACRAMENTO   SPRING 2011    ii   DETERMINANTS OF THE INFANT MORTALITY RATE IN THE UNITED STATES A Thesis    by   John Ross Costa   Approved by:  __________________________________, Committee Chair    Craig A. Gallet, Ph.D.    __________________________________, Second Reader    Timothy C. Ford, Ph.D. Date: _____________________________       iii   Student: John Ross Costa I certify that this student has met the requirements for format contained in the University format manual, and that this thesis is suitable for shelving in the Library and credit is to  be awarded for the thesis.  __________________________, Graduate Coordinator ___________________ Jonathan D. Kaplan, Ph.D., Date Department of Economics      iv   Abstract of THE DETERMINANTS OF THE INFANT MORTALITY RATE IN THE UNITED STATES  by John Costa This thesis examines the relationship between infant mortality and several variables that have been shown to affect it especially health spending. The study is based on state level U.S. data between the years 1991 and 2004. This thesis is unique in its examination by using the U.S. statistics. Previous research on the topic found that health spending levels have either lowered the infant mortality rate or has had no statistical significance. After controlling for state and time fixed effects as well as possible endogeneity issues, this thesis found similar results for both outcomes. Other variables in the regression also played a roll in the infant mortality rate and their following results are also consistent with previous research. Higher levels of education and income were shown to lower infant mortality rates. Higher total fertility rates, alcohol and cigarette consumption were shown to increase infant mortality rates. Conservative political  policies were also found to lower infant mortality, although this relationship is not entirely clear.  ____________________________, Committee Chair Craig A. Gallet, Ph.D.
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